Crypto currency

Crypto Currency (Mining, Blockchain, Wallets, Crypto Banking, etc.).

This course introduces students to Crypto currency. There are thousands of crypto currencies, running an a variety of platforms. The platforms are not necessarily interoperable. We start with atomic loans (crypto currency debt), Investing in crypto currency, investigating crypto currency bubbles, tail risk with crypto currency, crypto currency compared to Forex, comparing bandwidth and storage requirement of some crypto currencies and crypto currency mining.


Bitcoin as a decentralized currency attracted public interest due to its dis-inflationary nature, when compared to fiat currency. 

  • It promises users that its issued tokens will be diluted at a reducing set rate, agreed upon by the participating network of users, creating a dis-inflationary currency.
  • In relation to a country’s governance, Bitcoin, as a global currency, potentially allows users a store of value beyond the reach of local political and economic turmoil.
  • Further to this, as it is deemed private money (where only the actual owner has spending access to the value tokens), this prevents unlawful confiscation of such property which more commonly occurs in countries with poor governance.
This  course introduces Crypto-currency. Students will review a recent peer reviewed academic article on crypto currency and do a literature review on a topic within the crypto currency space.

Atomic Loans: Crypto currency Debt Instruments

Crypto currency Investing Examined

Decoupling from the Forex

Crypto currency Bubbles

Conditional tail-risk in crypto currency markets

Fast Bootstrapping for Algorand Crypto currency

Evidential Value of Forensic Crypto currency

Bitcoin and its mining on the equilibrium path

Financial Market Effects of Energy Usage

On successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  • demonstrate a critical awareness and understanding of Crypto currency at the master's level that provides a basis for developing and/or applying new ideas, often within a research context.
  • apply knowledge, critical understanding, and problem-solving abilities in new or unfamiliar environments within broader (or multidisciplinary) contexts related to their field of study (Crypto currency)
  • assimilate knowledge and formulate opinions with incomplete or limited information, but that include a reflection on social and ethical responsibilities.
  • communicate their assumptions, and knowledge regarding Crypto currency and the rationale underpinning these, to specialist and non-specialist audiences clearly and unambiguously.
  • use the acquired skills to allow them to continue to study in a manner that may be largely self-directed and autonomous.
  • integrate knowledge from other courses of the master program and practical business and formulate critical judgments with incomplete data.

The course is offered as self-study in e-learning. The learning material is provided in the form of lectures, literature, and lecture notes. Independent learning is required. In the case of paper submissions, further research is expected in compliance with the given scientific standard. LIVE course sessions are offered to support the students with questions regarding the content. Students are supported in their scientific work by corresponding online seminars.

All lectures and learning materials are made available in the online campus GHU Campus. All lectures are recorded and are available for download 24/7. The lecture notes, as well as additional material provided by the lecturer, can also be accessed in the GHU Campus.

Documents for exam preparation consisting of lectures and lecture notes. Additional material provided by the lecturer serves as independent files and can be used to work on the exams. The examination comprises theory questions, reflection, and case study and is intended to confirm all learning objectives.

The assessment consists of a 5000-word Crypto currency homework and assesses all learning outcomes. As a master-level assignment, the homework requires a command of a complex and specialized area of knowledge and skills. This implies that, in addition to demonstrating a sound grasp of the ideas and concepts relevant to the topic of thehomework, students will show that they can evaluate aspects such as conventions of approaches, their internal consistency, relevance, and applicability, as well as strengths and weaknesses.

To reach an assessment, students will consider competing approaches and draw on critiques put forward in scholarly literature. The position adopted in the assignment and any claims made must be based on a careful, coherent, and logical arguments, need to be appropriately supported with evidence from relevant scholarly sources, and should be presented in a coherent piece of writing. Sources must be referenced appropriately in-text and in a quote/reference list as set out in the GHU Referencing Guidelines.

Jan Walters Kruger

- Univ.-Prof. -